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The 99 Names of Allah (Asma ul Husna)

A Guide to Understanding and Invoking Divine Attributes

The 99 Names of Allah (Asma ul Husna) are the beautiful and perfect names by which Allah (God) reveals Himself in the Quran and Islamic tradition. These names encompass the entirety of Allah’s essence, encompassing His power, mercy, forgiveness, and all other divine attributes. Understanding and invoking these names is considered a fundamental aspect of Islamic faith and practice.

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) emphasized the importance of these names in a Hadith narrated by Abu Hurairah:

  • “There are ninety-nine names of Allah; he who commits them to memory would get into Paradise. Verily, Allah is Odd (He is one, and it is an odd number) and He loves odd numbers.” (Sahih al-Bukhari)

List of the 99 Names of Allah With Meaning:

#NameTransliterationMeaning
1الرَّحْمَنُAR-RAHMAANThe Beneficent
2الرَّحِيمُAR-RAHEEMThe Merciful
3الْمَلِكُAL-MALIKThe King
4الْقُدُّوسُAL-QUDDUSThe Most Sacred
5السَّلاَمُAS-SALAMThe Source of Peace, The Flawless
6الْمُؤْمِنُAL-MU’MINThe Infuser of Faith
7الْمُهَيْمِنُAL-MUHAYMINThe Preserver of Safety
8الْعَزِيزُAL-AZIZAll Mighty
9الْجَبَّارُAL-JABBARThe Compeller, The Restorer
10ُالْمُتَكَبِّرAL-MUTAKABBIRThe Supreme, The Majestic
11الْخَالِقُAL-KHAALIQThe Creator, The Maker
12الْبَارِئُAL-BAARIThe Evolver
13الْمُصَوِّرُAL-MUSAWWIRThe Fashioner
14الْغَفَّارُAL-GHAFFARThe Constant Forgiver
15الْقَهَّارُAL-QAHHARThe All-Prevailing One
16الْوَهَّابُAL-WAHHAABThe Supreme Bestower
17الرَّزَّاقُAR-RAZZAAQThe Provider
18الْفَتَّاحُAL-FATTAAHThe Supreme Solver
19اَلْعَلِيْمُAL-‘ALEEMThe All-Knowing
20الْقَابِضُAL-QAABIDThe Withholder
21الْبَاسِطُAL-BAASITThe Extender
22الْخَافِضُAL-KHAAFIDHThe Reducer
23الرَّافِعُAR-RAAFI’The Exalter, The Elevator
24الْمُعِزُّAL-MU’IZZThe Honourer, The Bestower
25ٱلْمُذِلُّAL-MUZILThe Dishonourer
26السَّمِيعُAS-SAMEE’The All-Hearing
27الْبَصِيرُAL-BASEERThe All-Seeing
28الْحَكَمُAL-HAKAMThe Impartial Judge
29الْعَدْلُAL-‘ADLThe Utterly Just
30اللَّطِيفُAL-LATEEFThe Subtle One, The Most Gentle
31الْخَبِيرُAL-KHABEERThe All-Aware
32الْحَلِيمُAL-HALEEMThe Most Forbearing
33الْعَظِيمُAL-‘AZEEMThe Magnificent, The Supreme
34الْغَفُورAL-GHAFOORThe Great Forgiver
35الشَّكُورُASH-SHAKOORThe Most Appreciative
36الْعَلِيُّAL-‘ALEEThe Most High, The Exalted
37الْكَبِيرُAL-KABEERThe Most Great
38الْحَفِيظُAL-HAFEEDHThe Preserver
39المُقيِتAL-MUQEETThe Sustainer
40اﻟْﺣَسِيبُAL-HASEEBThe Reckoner
41الْجَلِيلُAL-JALEELThe Majestic
42الْكَرِيمُAL-KAREEMThe Most Generous, The Most Esteemed
43الرَّقِيبُAR-RAQEEBThe Watchful
44ٱلْمُجِيبُAL-MUJEEBThe Responsive One
45الْوَاسِعُAL-WAASI’The All-Encompassing, the Boundless
46الْحَكِيمُAL-HAKEEMThe All-Wise
47الْوَدُودُAL-WADUDThe Most Loving
48الْمَجِيدُAL-MAJEEDThe Glorious, The Most Honorable
49الْبَاعِثُAL-BA’ITHThe Infuser of New Life
50الشَّهِيدُASH-SHAHEEDThe All Observing Witnessing
51الْحَقُAL-HAQQThe Absolute Truth
52الْوَكِيلُAL-WAKEELThe Trustee, The Disposer of Affairs
53الْقَوِيُAL-QAWIYYThe All-Strong
54الْمَتِينُAL-MATEENThe Firm, The Steadfast
55الْوَلِيُّAL-WALIYYThe Protecting Associate
56الْحَمِيدُAL-HAMEEDThe Praiseworthy
57الْمُحْصِيAL-MUHSEEThe All-Enumerating, The Counter
58الْمُبْدِئُAL-MUBDIThe Originator, The Initiator
59ٱلْمُعِيدُAL-MUEEDThe Restorer, The Reinstater
60الْمُحْيِيAL-MUHYIThe Giver of Life
61اَلْمُمِيتُAL-MUMEETThe Creator of Death
62الْحَيُّAL-HAYYThe Ever-Living
63الْقَيُّومُAL-QAYYOOMThe Sustainer, The Self-Subsisting
64الْوَاجِدُAL-WAAJIDThe Perceiver
65الْمَاجِدُAL-MAAJIDThe Illustrious, the Magnificent
66الْواحِدُAL-WAAHIDThe One
67اَلاَحَدُAL-AHADThe Unique, The Only One
68الصَّمَدُAS-SAMADThe Eternal, Satisfier of Needs
69الْقَادِرُAL-QADEERThe Omnipotent One
70الْمُقْتَدِرُAL-MUQTADIRThe Powerful
71الْمُقَدِّمُAL-MUQADDIMThe Expediter, The Promoter
72الْمُؤَخِّرُAL-MU’AKHKHIRThe Delayer
73الأوَّلُAL-AWWALThe First
74الآخِرُAL-AAKHIRThe Last
75الظَّاهِرُAZ-ZAAHIRThe Manifest
76الْبَاطِنُAL-BAATINThe Hidden One, Knower of the Hidden
77الْوَالِيAL-WAALIThe Sole Governor
78الْمُتَعَالِيAL-MUTA’ALIThe Self Exalted
79الْبَرُّAL-BARRThe Source of All Goodness
80التَّوَابُAT-TAWWABThe Ever-Pardoning
81الْمُنْتَقِمُAL-MUNTAQIMThe Avenger
82العَفُوُAL-‘AFUWWThe Pardoner
83الرَّؤُوفُAR-RA’OOFThe Most Kind
84َمَالِكُ ٱلْمُلْكُMAALIK-UL-MULKMaster of the Kingdom, Owner of the Dominion
85ذُوالْجَلاَلِ وَالإكْرَامِDHUL-JALAALI WAL-IKRAAMLord of Glory and Honour, Lord of Majesty and Generosity
86الْمُقْسِطُAL-MUQSITThe Just One
87الْجَامِعُAL-JAAMI’The Gatherer, the Uniter
88ٱلْغَنيُّAL-GHANIYYThe Self-Sufficient, The Wealthy
89ٱلْمُغْنِيُّAL-MUGHNIThe Enricher
90اَلْمَانِعُAL-MANI’The Withholder
91الضَّارَAD-DHARRThe Distresser
92النَّافِعُAN-NAFI’The Propitious, the Benefactor
93النُّورُAN-NURThe Light, The Illuminator
94الْهَادِيAL-HAADIThe Guide
95الْبَدِيعُAL-BADEE’The Incomparable Originator
96اَلْبَاقِيAL-BAAQIThe Everlasting
97الْوَارِثُAL-WAARITHThe Inheritor, The Heir
98الرَّشِيدُAR-RASHEEDThe Guide, Infallible Teacher
99الصَّبُورُAS-SABOORThe Forbearing, The Patient

Meanings and Attributes (اَلاسْمَاءُ الْحُسناى):

Each name of Allah reveals a specific aspect of His divine nature. The Quran and Hadith provide numerous references that illustrate these attributes.

For example, the name Ar-Rahman (The Most Merciful) is mentioned in the opening verse of many Quranic chapters, highlighting Allah’s universal mercy that encompasses all beings.

Stories from Islamic tradition further illustrate these names. Prophet Jonah’s (peace be upon him) experience in the belly of the whale exemplifies Al-Ghaffar (The Forgiver), demonstrating Allah’s limitless capacity to forgive those who repent sincerely.

"Allah – there is no deity except Him. To Him belong the best names." (Qur'an 20:8)

Benefits of Knowing and Invoking the 99 Names Of Allah:

Knowing and invoking the Names of Allah offers a multitude of benefits:

  • Deepens one’s relationship with Allah: By understanding His attributes, believers can cultivate love, reverence, and trust in Him.
  • Enhances spiritual growth: Contemplating the Names encourages introspection and helps believers live according to Allah’s will.
  • Promises rewards and blessings: Hadith mentions Paradise for those who memorize the Names, and numerous Quranic verses highlight the rewards of calling upon Allah by His beautiful names.

Methods of Invocation and Dhikr:

Incorporating the Names into daily life is a form of dhikr (remembrance). Here are some methods:

  • Supplications: Use specific Names for various needs, such as “Ya Rahman” (Oh Most Merciful) for seeking forgiveness or “Ya Razzaq” (Oh Provider) for sustenance.
  • After Prayers: Regularly recite specific sets of Names after obligatory prayers.
  • During Difficulties: Invoke Names like Al-Hafiz (The Preserver) during times of distress for comfort and protection.

Reflection and Contemplation:

  • Journaling prompts: Reflect on the meaning of each Name and how it relates to your life. For example, for Al-Adl (The Just), consider how you can embody justice in your daily interactions.
  • Further study: Explore resources like books and online courses to delve deeper into the 99 Names of Allah PDF and their significance.

Beyond Food: A Holistic Approach

The 99 Names encompass not just physical well-being but also mental and spiritual health. Studies acknowledge the positive impact of faith on mental health. MFBCS recognizes this connection by incorporating emotional support, counseling, and capacity building into its programs. By strengthening mental and spiritual well-being alongside food security, MFBCS fosters a holistic approach to community development.

Connecting with the Divine Through Action

Contemplating the Names of Allah is not a passive exercise. It’s a call to action, a reminder of our responsibility towards our fellow human beings. By supporting MFBCS, you are not just helping those in need; you are actively embodying the beautiful attributes of Allah. You are extending a hand of mercy (Ar-Rahman), ensuring provision (Al-Razzaq), promoting justice (Al-Adl), and empowering individuals (Al-Qawi) – all while fostering a community that reflects the compassion and love Allah SWT teaches us.

Join us in this journey of understanding and action. Explore the 99 Names with newfound purpose, and let them guide you towards supporting MFBCS’s vital work in creating a world free from hunger and social injustice.

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